Roman Battle Tactics 109BC–AD313

Roman Battle Tactics 109BC–AD313 cover

Roman Battle Tactics 109BC–AD313

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How, exactly, did Rome become master of the ancient world? This book examines and illustrates the tactics employed by the legions of late Republican and early Imperial Rome, from the evidence o f ancient writers. The greatest military machine in the Western world for at least four centuries, the Roman Army was the foundation of the Western military tradition, and its doctrines were central to the later revival of trained, drilled professional armies. Here the evidence is discussed in clear detail, and brought to life with battle plans and full colour interpretations of tactical scenarios.

Table of Contents

?INTRODUCTION: The size and organization of the legion – campaign attrition – From maniple to cohort: the cohort's functional identity – command structure – Basic battle formations – Intervals in the battle line: control and cohesion – the – interval as a channel for attack and a defensive trap –
the size of intervals · LEGIONARY BATTLE LINES AND MANOEUVRES: Simplex acies: Forum Gallorum, 43 BC – Ruspina, 46 BC – Carrhae, 53 BC: disastrous result of the abandonment of the simplex acies – Duplex acies: Ilerda, 49 BC – Maximinus' agmen quadratum, AD 238 – Arrian's array against the Alans, AD 135 – Triplex and quadruplex acies: Ilerda, 49 BC – the {muthul}, 109 BC – Chaeronea, 86 BC – Pistoria, 62 BC – Caesar in Gaul, 58 BC – Pharsalus, 48 BC: the devotio – Uzzita, 46 BC – the Rhyndacus, 85 BC: use of field entrenchments – Thapsus, 46 BC: mixed triplex and quadruplex acies – Second Philippi, 42 BC – Detached forces and surprise attacks: Tigranocerta, 69 BC – Aquae Sextiae, 102 BC: the morale value of noise – Lauron, 76 BC – Segovia, 75 BC: the refused centre – Downhill and uphill charges: Mts Armanus & Gindarus, 39 & 38 BC – Ilerda and Dyrrachium, 49 and 48 BC – First Philippi, 42 BC – Mons Graupius, 84 AD
·OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE FORMATIONS: The cuneus and 'pig's head': use at Bonn, AD 69 – in Britain, AD 61 – at Cremona, AD 69 – The orbis: use at Cirta, 105 BC – by Sabinus and Cotta, 54 BC – by Caesar in Britain, 55 BC – by Chariovalda in Germany, AD 16 – by legio XXXVI at Nicopolis, 47 BC – at Adretum, AD 9 – on the Danube, AD 173/174
– The testudo: use at Issus, AD 194 – at Daphne, AD 272 –
at Cremona, AD 69 – The agmen quadratum and testudo: in Mark Antony's retreat from Media, 36 BC – failure against Ardashir, AD 233 ·EPILOGUE: Adrianople, AD 313 – Ctesiphon, AD 363 ·REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING·PLATE COMMENTARIES·INDEX

Product details

Published 04 Jul 2007
Format Paperback
Edition 1st
Extent 64
ISBN 9781846031847
Imprint Osprey Publishing
Illustrations 8 col
Dimensions 248 x 184 mm
Series Elite
Short code ELI 155
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing

About the contributors

Illustrator

Adam Hook

Adam Hook studied graphic design, and began his wo…

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