One of the least understood of Napoleon's corps were the four regiments of Gardes d'honneur, raised in 1813 during the frantic rebuilding of the French cavalry after the huge losses in Russia. Recruited from the leading social classes, uniformed and equipped at their own expense, and accompanied by servants to take care of such unpleasant chores as stable duty, these men were promised commissions as officers after a year's service in the ranks. Though spectacularly unready for combat upon their arrival with the army, the Guards of Honour would gain skill and confidence while serving alongside the élite cavalry of the Imperial Guard in the campaigns of Saxony and France, 1813-14, and distinguished themselves in battle at Hanau and Rheims. The story of their organisation, uniforms and service is researched from rare archives and memoirs, and illustrated with portraits, surviving uniform items, and meticulous colour plates.
Read an extract of Napoleon's Guards of Honour
Table of Contents
· The French cavalry in the aftermath of the Russian campaign · Decree of 3 April 1813 creating four regiments of Gardes d'Honneur - inducements offered · Organisation and depots of 1st to 4th Regts · The officers and troopers - volunteers and 'volunteers' - mutinies and plots · Campaign history: 1813 - Leipzig - successful charge at Hannau · Sufferings of Metz and Mainz garrisons. Campaign of France, 1814 - the great charge at Rheims, 13 March. · Uniforms & weapons - officers, troopers & trumpeters.