Britannia AD 43

Britannia AD 43

The Claudian Invasion

Campaign 353
  • Author: Nic Fields
  • Illustrator: Steve Noon
  • Short code: CAM 353
  • Publication Date: 17 Sep 2020
  • ISBN: 9781472842053
  • Format: eBook (PDF)
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About this Product

For the Romans, Britannia lay beyond the comfortable confines of the Mediterranean world around which classical civilisation had flourished. Britannia was felt to be at the outermost edge of the world itself, lending the island an air of dangerous mystique.

To the soldiers crossing the Oceanus Britannicus in the late summer of AD 43, the prospect of invading an island believed to be on its periphery must have meant a mixture of panic and promise. These men were part of a formidable army of four veteran legions (II Augusta, VIIII Hispana, XIIII Gemina, XX Valeria), which had been assembled under the overall command of Aulus Plautius Silvanus. Under him were, significantly, first-rate legionary commanders, including the future emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus. With the auxiliary units, the total invasion force probably mounted to around 40,000 men, but having assembled at Gessoriacum (Boulogne) they refused to embark. Eventually, the mutinous atmosphere was dispelled, and the invasion fleet sailed in three contingents.

So, ninety-seven years after Caius Iulius Caesar, the Roman army landed in south-eastern Britannia. After a brisk summer campaign, a province was established behind a frontier zone running from what is now Lyme Bay on the Dorset coast to the Humber estuary. Though the territory overrun during the first campaign season was undoubtedly small, it laid the foundations for the Roman conquest which would soon begin to sweep across Britannia.

In this highly illustrated and detailed title, Nic Fields tells the full story of the invasion which established the Romans in Britain, explaining how and why the initial Claudian invasion succeeded and what this meant for the future of Britain.

Biographical Note

Dr Nic Fields started his career as a biochemist before joining the Royal Marines. Having left the military, he went back to university and completed a BA and PhD in Ancient History at the University of Newcastle. He was Assistant Director at the British School at Athens, Greece, and then a lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh. Nic is now a freelance author and researcher based in south-west France.Steve Noon was born in Kent, UK, and attended art college in Cornwall. He's had a life-long passion for illustration, and since 1985 has worked as a professional artist. He has provided award-winning illustrations for the publishers Dorling Kindersley, where his interest in historical illustration began. Steve has illustrated over 30 books for Osprey.

Contents

Britannia BC
Origins of the campaign
Chronology
Opposing commanders
Aulus Plautius Silvanus ? Caractacus and Togodumnus
Legionary legates
Titus Flavius Vespasianus ? Titus Flavius Sabinus ? Cnaeus Hosidius Geta
Opposing forces
Roman navy ? Roman army ? The Britons
Opposing plans
Roman plan ? British plan
The campaign
Invasion ? River battles ? March on Camulodunum ? Claudius comes to Britannia ? Vespasianus in the southwest
Consolidation
The battlefields today
Further reading
Glossary
Abbreviations
Index


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