Scapa 1919

Scapa 1919

The Archaeology of a Scuttled Fleet

General Military
  • Author: Innes McCartney
  • Short code: GNM
  • Publication Date: 30 May 2019
  • Number of Pages: 336
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About this Product

The German High Seas Fleet was one of the most powerful naval forces in the world, and had fought the pride of the Royal Navy to a stalemate at the battle of Jutland in 1916. After the armistice was signed, ending fighting in World War I, it surrendered to the British and was interned in Scapa Flow pending the outcome of the Treaty of Versailles. In June 1919, the entire fleet attempted to sink itself in the Flow to prevent it being broken up as war prizes. Of the 74 ships present, 52 sunk and 22 were prevented from doing so by circumstance and British intervention.

Marine archaeologist and historian Dr Innes McCartney reveals for the first time what became of the warships that were scuttled, examining the circumstances behind the loss of each ship and reconciling what was known at the time to what the archaeology is telling us today. This fascinating study reveals a fleet lost for nearly a century beneath the waves.

Biographical Note

Dr Innes McCartney is a nautical archaeologist, explorer, historian and author. Over the last 25 years he has specialized in the discovery of, and investigation into, twentieth century shipwrecks including the wrecks of the Battle of Jutland and many British and German submarines. He has appeared regularly on documentaries such as Time Team Special and is a popular speaker at conferences. He lives in Cornwall, UK.


PART ONE: The Scuttling of the German Fleet
1. Surrender and Internment
2. The Scuttle
3. Reaction and disposal of the rump of the German Fleet

PART TWO: Cox & Danks: The Salvage Pioneers
4. The Salvage of the Battlecruisers and their archaeology today
5. The Salvage of the Destroyers and SMS Bremse and their archaeology today

PART THREE: Metal Industries and Locally based salvage
6. The Salvage of the Battleships and their archaeology today
7. SMS Derfflinger and her archaeology today
8. The Royal Navy
9. Scapa Flow Salvage & Shipbreaking Co.

PART FOUR: The Survivors: Battleships
10. SMS Konig
11. SMS Markgraf
12. SMS Kronprinz
13. SMS Dresden

PART FIVE: The Survivors: Cruisers and Destroyers
14. SMS Coln
15. SMS Karlsrhue
16. SMS Brummer
19. SMS V83 ans SMS S54

PART SIX: Scapa 100 years on
20. Conclusions: The Archaeology of a Scuttled Fleet

1. HMS Vanguard
2. HMS Royal Oak
3. Other Scapa Shipwrecks