The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281

The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281 cover

The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281

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Description

The two attempts by Khubilai Khan, the Mongol Emperor of China, to invade Japan in 1274 and 1281 represent unique events in the history of both countries. It pitted the samurai of Japan against the fierce warriors of the steppes who had conquered half the known world.

The Mongol conquest of Korea left them with a considerable quantity of maritime resources, which enabled them to thin seriously for the first time about crossing the Tsushima strait between Korea and Japan with an army of invasion. The first invasion, which began with savage raiding on the islands of Tsushima and Iki, made a landfall at Hakata Bay and forced the samurai defenders back inland. Luckily for the Japanese defenders, a storm scattered the Mongol invasion fleet, leading them to abandon this attempt.

In the intervening years the Japanese made defensive preparation, and the Mongol increased their fleet and army, so that the second invasion involved one of the largest seaborne expeditions in world history up to that time. This attempt was aimed at the same landing site, Hakata Bay, and met stiffer opposition form the new defences and the aggressive Japanese defenders. Forced buy a series of major Japanese raids to stay in their ships at anchor, the Mongol fleet was obliterated by a typhoon - the kami kaze (divine wind) - for the loss of as many as 90 per cent of the invaders. Although further preparations were made for an assault by the Mongols at the end of the 13ht and beginning of the 14th centuries, this proved to be the last realistic threat of an invasion of the home islands till 1945.

Table of Contents

Origins of the campaign /Chronology /Opposing commanders /Opposing armies /Opposing plans /The first invasion, 1274 /Lessons and preparations, 1275–81 /The second invasion, 1281 /Aftermath /The battlefield today /Further reading /Index

Product details

Published Jan 26 2010
Format Paperback
Edition 1st
Extent 96
ISBN 9781846034565
Imprint Osprey Publishing
Illustrations 40 b/w; 52 col
Dimensions 248 x 184 mm
Series Campaign
Short code CAM 217
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing

About the contributors

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Stephen Turnbull

Stephen Turnbull is widely recognised as the world…

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Richard Hook

Richard Hook was born in 1938 and trained at Reiga…

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