Caudine Forks 321 BC

Rome's Humiliation in the Second Samnite War

Caudine Forks 321 BC cover

Caudine Forks 321 BC

Rome's Humiliation in the Second Samnite War

Description

In its long history, the Roman Republic suffered many defeats, but none as humiliating as the Caudine Forks in the summer of 321 BC. Rome had been at war with the Samnites – one of early Rome's most formidable foes – since 326 BC in what would turn out to be a long and bitter conflict now known as the Second Samnite War. The rising, rival Italic powers vied for supremacy in central and southern Italy, and their leaders were contemplating the conquest of the entire Italian peninsula. Driven by the ambitions of Titus Veturius Calvinus and Spurius Postumius Albinus, Roman forces were determined to inflict a crippling blow on the Samnites, but their combined armies were instead surprised, surrounded, and forced to surrender by the Samnites led by Gavius Pontius. The Roman soldiers, citizens of Rome to a man, were required to quit the field by passing under the yoke of spears in a humiliating ritual worse than death itself.
This new study, using specially commissioned artwork and maps, analyses why the Romans were so comprehensively defeated at the Caudine Forks, and explains why the protracted aftermath of their dismal defeat was so humiliating and how it spurred them on to their eventual triumph over the Samnites. With this in mind, this study will widen its focus to take account of other major events in the Second Samnite War.

Table of Contents

Origins of the Campaign
Chronology
Opposing Forces
The Source: Titus Livius
Opposing Plans
The Campaign
Analysis
Conclusion
Further Reading
Appendix
Index

Product details

Published Mar 18 2021
Format Ebook (PDF)
Edition 1st
Extent 96
ISBN 9781472824912
Imprint Osprey Publishing
Series Campaign
Short code CAM 322
Publisher Bloomsbury Publishing

About the contributors

Author

Nic Fields

Dr Nic Fields started his career as a biochemist b…

Illustrator

Seán Ó’Brógáin

Seán Ó’Brógáin lives and works in Donegal, I…

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