Austria's Balkan frontier – the disputed borderland between Europe and the Ottoman Turks – was defended in the 18th century by a unique organization of hardy communities who were granted farmland in return for armed service. These Grenzers, masters of guerrilla warfare, were later incorporated into Austria's regular forces, and earned a wider reputation fighting against the army of Frederik the Great's Prussia. By the start of the wars against Revolutionary and Napoleonic France they provided a significant part of the Austrian Line. This book unravels their complex history, and illustrates the development of their colourful folk costumes into striking uniforms.
Read an extract of Austrian Frontier Troops 1740–98
Table of Contents
Introduction · The First Irregulars – Trenk's Freikorps – native costumes · The first regulars – evolution of uniforms · The 1769 reforms – Grenz units in the Imperial Line – artillery and sharpshooter units · Grenzer cavalry · Auxiliary formations · Grenzers at the start of the Napoleonic period