In the 1840s, Italy was a patchwork of states. The North was ruled by the Austrian Empire, the South by the Spanish-descended monarchy of the Two Sicilies. Over the next two decades, after wars led by Savoy/Piedmont and volunteers such as Garibaldi, an independent Kingdom of Italy emerged. These conflicts saw foreign interventions and shifting alliances among minor states, and attracted a variety of local and foreign volunteers.
This second volume in a two part series covers the armies of the Papal States; the duchies of Tuscany, Parma, and Modena; the republics of Rome and San Marco (Venice) and the transitional Kingdom of Sicily; and the various volunteer movements. These varied armies and militias wore a wide variety of highly colorful uniforms which are brought to life in stunning, specially commissioned, full color artwork from Giuseppe Rava.
Read an extract of Armies of the Italian Wars of Unification 1848–70 (2)
Table of Contents
Introduction: overview of 'Second War of Independence' (1859); Garibaldi's rising in the South (1860); events of 1861–66; and 'Third War of Independence' (1866–70)/ Chronology/ 1866 campaign: battle of Custoza, and naval clash off Lissa/ Conquest of Rome from Papal forces, 1870/ The Papal army, 1848–70: organization, uniforms, weapons, and tactical performance/ The minor states' armies, 1848–70: organization, uniforms, weapons and tactical performance of forces of Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Duchy of Parma and Duchy of Modena/ Patriots and volunteers: organization, uniforms, weapons and tactical performance of Italian patriots and foreign volunteers, 1848–70, particularly (1848–49) Roman Republic, San Marco Republic and Kingdom of Sicily, and (1848–61), Garibaldi's Redshirts and others/ Select Bibliography/ Plate Commentaries.