This is a comprehensive guide to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive conflict in the Eastern Mediterranean between the two World Wars of the 20th century. From the initial Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had done for centuries, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's incredibly efficient formation of a national government and a regular army, this was a war that shaped the geopolitical landscape of the Mediterranean to this day. It gave birth to the modern Turkish state, displacing millions and creating bitter memories of atrocities committed by both sides. Augmented with very rare photographs and beautiful illustrations, this ground-breaking title explores the history, organization, and appearance of the armies, both guerilla and conventional, that fought in this bloody war.
Read an extract of Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919–22
Table of Contents
Introduction: the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I – Allied occupation of Constantinople – Allied encouragement of Greek invasion of Western Anatolia /Chronology /The Armies: Greek Army – Pontian Greek and other guerrilla forces – Turkish irregulars – Turkish regular army – Caliphate Army /Foreign interventionist forces /Turkish and Greek air arms /Uniforms and weapons /Colour plate commentaries /Index